Review Article

Trauma-informed career counselling to address work traumas resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic

Jennifer J. Linnekaste
African Journal of Career Development | Vol 3, No 1 | a42 | DOI: | © 2021 Jennifer J. Linnekaste | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 August 2021 | Published: 30 September 2021

About the author(s)

Jennifer J. Linnekaste, School of Education, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, United States


Background: Sudden work traumas as a result of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have left thousands displaced from their current jobs and occupations. Traditional career counselling approaches that overlook the role of emotion are not adequate to address the numerous emotional difficulties that arise after a sudden unexpected job loss.

Objectives: The objective of this research is to examine to what extent career counselling theories and interventions incorporate a trauma-informed career counselling approach and are prepared to address the emotional, psychological, and career counselling concerns that arise from work traumas as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A qualitative systematic literature review of all career-related journals that have trauma-informed career counselling in the title or body of the manuscript was conducted. Additionally, career related articles, books, and book chapters specifically mentioning work traumas and interventions to address these issues were also examined.

Results: Only one article on trauma-informed career counselling was found given the parameters of the literature review. Currently, no articles outline how to integrate career counselling and emotion-focused therapy for trauma in order to address work traumas related to COVID-19.

Conclusion: A trauma-informed career counselling approach that integrates career construction counselling and emotion-focused trauma therapy is needed to address the emotional, psychological, and career counselling concerns that arise from a work trauma as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. An integrated approach to provide trauma-informed career counselling has been provided.


COVID-19; work trauma; trauma-informed career counselling; narrative; Career Construction Theory


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Crossref Citations

1. Trauma informed use of the career construction interview
Kevin B. Stoltz, Andrea N. Hunt, Clay Greenhill
The Career Development Quarterly  vol: 71  issue: 2  first page: 135  year: 2023  
doi: 10.1002/cdq.12320